Erakina

climate classification – Erakina

Published Date : February 7, 2022

Thunder atmosphere

A dark thunder atmosphere

  • Climate classification helps to face the upcoming climate threats in advance. As the world grows up in all elements, understanding the changing climate pattern can support in resolving what the whole world is on now.
  • Climate issues are a concern that eagerly gets up the man from the seat, giving a hard strike on the head. Having this in the brain, many scientists have invested a good amount of time analyzing the geographical and environmental data to catch and classify the world climate. The base of this is, despite different names and cultures, the earth has a common climate behavior that can never be defined by territory, race, or anything.
  • The facts taken into account while arranging the papers of study on climate are environmental data, such as temperature, rainfall, and snowfall. Geographical similarities and differences shook the study well with relevant information that can change the entire attitude on world climate.
  • Climate classification, in a sense, is a great way for the government to line up some plans to solve future-terrifying climate setbacks.

The base of Climate Classification and the most popular among them 

Group of ice pads

Ice pads in winter

  • There are two types of climate classifications- genetic and empirical. And both are significant and helpful when investigating for more arranged data on climate and its effect on us.
  • Some scientists are in confusion stating the problems of these two methods. A group of people supports the genetic classification, while the next set criticizes the authenticity of the second one by pointing out the blanks.
  • Despite the argument, the scientific community uses both methods in their search for some sort of the change in the world-climate pattern to jump to protection when they find something relevant.
  • Genetic classification is on the connection between temperature and distance from the North Pole or the South Pole, ocean influence, effects of mountains, the direction of the wind, and a combination of several factors. In simpler terms, the main focus is the geographical features that determine climate. The climate regions are considered and taken subjectively.
  • Empirical classification, as the name suggests, is based on real data that changes over time. A very popular example for empirical classification is Koppen Climate Classification, which focuses mainly on natural vegetation for grouping the climate type.

Koppen Climate Classification

shades of climate

Three shades of climate

  • Wladimir Koppen (1846-1940) was the most renowned person who contributed to the advancement of climatology and meteorology for more than 70 years.
  • He was German by birth and he dedicated himself to climatology by introducing a mathematical system of climatic classification. Before the new way of classifying climate, there existed a geographical kind of categorization that poorly worked in situations. Since the introduction of a mathematical approach, scientists began following and popularising it in a broader sense.
  • His theoretical and practical achievements influenced the development of atmospheric science, which is now being considered a fundamental part of driving the world to success and longevity.
  • Wladimir Koppen is recognized in the world for the mapping of the climatic regions of the world to prevent future climate setbacks.
  • In the Koppen classification, the five major climate types are assigned with a mathematical value according to temperature and rainfall. These five types are represented by the English capital letters A, B, C, D, and E.
  • Among them, type B climates are defined by dryness, the lack of water in the soil, and all others are by temperature. The major climate types are again subdivided based on warmth, seasonality of precipitation providing detailed facts. Although Koppens classification doesn’t provide highland climate behavior, H is sometimes added to it for understanding the climate pattern of lands above 1,500 meters.
  • This classification and more detailed version was published in 1900. And in 1918, he updated the study with more structured data and observation. It is said that he never took eyes from the study. He continued revising and editing the system of classification until he died in 1940.
  • Other climatologists have modified some of his procedures based on their real experience in the various parts of the world. For accuracy, they conducted a real study of what they have been adding.
  • The climate classification helps to determine an environmental crisis earlier for increasing the alert-attitude of humans to what they do to nature.

Sujitha K.S

17-01-2022

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