Jackfruit patties is a tropical Asian fruit that is also used as a vegetable when unripe. Artocarpus heterophyllus is the scientific name for jackfruit grown in Africa, Asia, and South Africa. This fruit is the largest tree-borne fruit, with thick skin and fleshy pulp inside. The weight of the fruits can be up to 18 kgs or more. The fruit is delicious and flavorful when ripe and a meaty nutritious vegetable when unripe.

Jackfruit patties is popular in various parts of India and consumed in various forms as a fruit or vegetable. It is also considered a meat substitute for vegetarians. The jackfruit seeds are also cooked and consumed, which is also flavorful and nutritious. Jackfruit trees are about 50 to 70 feet tall when mature.

 Raw Jackfruit patties
Raw Jackfruit patties

Jackfruit patties Recipe


·       2 cups cleaned and boiled Jackfruit patties

(Raw jackfruit cleaned and cooked in a pressure cooker with a little salt)

·      ½ cup chopped onion

·       ¼ teaspoon garlic chopped

·       ¼ cup mayonnaise

·       ½ cup breadcrumbs

·       2 teaspoon mustard sauce

·       2 tablespoons chopped coriander leaves

·       1 tablespoon lemon juice

·       Salt as per taste

·       Chilly powder/black pepper powder- as per taste

·       ½ cup of Breadcrumbs

·       ½ cup flour


Mash the cooked jackfruit and keep it aside. Heat oil in a pan and fry chopped garlic and onions until light brown. Add Jackfruit patties and fry for 2-3 minutes and ensure the water dries up. Add all other ingredients, mayonnaise, mustard sauce, salt, pepper, and chopped coriander, and mix well. Now add the flour and mix thoroughly. Remove the pan from flame and let it cool.

When it is cool and easy to touch, make a round patty-like shape with the mixture and roll them on breadcrumbs. Use all the mixture to make patties and keep them aside. Heat oil in a pan and shallow fry them until golden brown. Serve hot with your favorite dip or sauce.

Jackfruit patties
Jackfruit patties

Health benefits

Jackfruit is healthy for multiple factors and the valuable content present in it. Besides calories, protein, and fat, it is a good source of multiple vitamins. Jackfruit contains calcium, magnesium, potassium, folic acid, vitamin B9, and Niacin or vitamin B3, C, and B6. Flavonoids and lignans help fight inflammation while antioxidants are good for heart health. From ancient times jackfruit has been used as medicine for antifungal and antimicrobial properties. However, it cannot be used to treat health problems or diseases as per studies.

Vegan Diet

Jackfruit (unripe) curry is a nutritious, tasty, and popular vegan dish in India. It blends well with the spices or savory dishes for its neutral flavor. It is not only a good substitute for meat or chicken but also for chickpeas or tofu. It has around 3 grams of protein per cup, which is a good source of plant protein.

Ripe jackfruit is also a popular fruit for its aroma and texture. A lot of desserts and smoothies are also prepared with pulpy jackfruit. It is flavorful, filling, and nutritious to consume in any form. The seeds of jackfruit are also used in many recipes like curries.

Various preparations can be seen in South Asian countries like Malaysia and Indonesia, like making sweet candies with sugar syrup or curries with coconut milk. Jackfruit jam is also popular in south Asian countries like Taiwan. Vietnamese use it in sweet pastry and sweet dessert soup.


The high amount of potassium content makes it risky for patients suffering from kidney problems or kidney stones. Excessive potassium in the blood can cause hyperkalemia, resulting in heart problems, physical weakness, and paralysis.

Cultural Importance

  • Jackfruit has been widely grown in India, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh for a long time, along with Southeast Asia. Archaeology reveals that cultivation in India is about 3000 to 6000 years old. 
  • It is the national fruit of Bangladesh and the state fruit of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, which are the states of India. 
  • Jackfruit wood is used for making Buddhist statues in Vietnam, while it is also used to make priest seat in Kerala. Kerala also hosts jackfruit festivals.

The jackfruit has played a significant role in Indian agriculture for centuries. Archaeological findings in India have revealed that jackfruit was cultivated in India 3000 to 6000 years ago. It has also been widely cultivated in Southeast Asia.

Ripe Jackfruit Jackfruit patties
Ripe Jackfruit

Commercial details

India produces a high amount of jackfruit (1.4 million tonnes in 2017), and then comes Bangladesh, Thailand, and Indonesia. The marketing follows a line of producers, traders, middlemen, and finally, wholesalers and retailers.

Jackfruit patties can be seen in food markets of Southeast Asia, the Brazilian coastal region, Sri Lanka, and Vietnam. Various industries are established for the processing of jackfruit products such as flour, frozen/tinned jackfruit, papad, ice cream, and noodles. This is available all year round as dried or in canned form. Jackfruit is available as chips or cleaned and diced for different uses in different recipes.                             


Whether raw or ripe, jackfruit is delicious and unique in its taste and aroma with nutritional benefits. It also blends well with different spices or ingredients, which helps make different types of food and enjoy it as a dessert or with a meal.

Internal links:

Jatoba Fruit, What you know about it’s medicinal benefits? -Erakina

King of fruits: Dasheri Mangoes You should take it to get many medicinal benefits

Interesting Facts about Breadfruit– Erakina

External links:

Read more about Jackfruit patties benefits and more

By Amrita Vishwas

Date: 25/07/2022

Tags: Fruits

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