Bengal Tiger.
This picture shows the appearance of the Bengal Tiger.

Who is the Bengal Tiger?

The Bengal Tiger is also known as the Royal Bengal Tiger, the tiger belongs to the Panthera tigris tigris subspecies.

Introduction of The Bengal Tiger:

The Bengal Tiger is the largest member of the cat family and is renowned for its strength and resilience. They are an important part of wildlife and habitat, over many centuries, they hold a vital role in Indian tradition that exists in the Indian subcontinent, sometimes it is also called Indian Tiger. Their average life span differs from 18 to 25 years. In an overview, Tiger is the crucial part of the wildlife habitat with the toughest and powerful tendency as a predator.

Why are the Bengal Tigers important to wildlife?

Tigers are a symbol of bravery and courage, they are an essential component in the food chain, they are the apex predators with the highest position as carnivores in their ecosystem. They control the natural prey population, by preying on herbivores, tigers assist to keep the ratio between the prey animals and the forest vegetation which they feed upon. Tigers are pointers of the ecological wellness of planet earth.

The fact is every animal in the food chain is connected and is essential for each other’s existence.

Roaring Bengal Tiger.
Bengal Tiger showing canine teeth.

Characteristics and Habitat:

Tiger’s physical characteristics hold substantial power among wildlife, a healthy tiger bodyweight comprises 100 to 260 kg whereas a healthy tigress bodyweight comprises 75 to 177 kg, its body colour consists of the black, white, and orange stripe patterns. Their length is 6.8 ft. – 11ft. Tigers, in particular, adapt to a wide range of locations and inhabit dense vegetation, which are evergreen forests, riverine, swamp, and mangrove habitat, dry deciduous and moist deciduous forests, etc. They mostly avoid human-dominated areas which keep them safe from any human havoc. Tigers hunt in areas where a plant covering the base will make them hide and let the prey come under its ambush. Prey is an important yet crucial factor for them, there isn’t always a good circumstance to get grub, tigers sometimes struggle for their target.

Bengal Tiger and cub.
Picture showing relationship between Bengal Tiger and cub.

Reasons why the Bengal Tiger is endangered:

The Bengal Tiger is prominent of life threats in wildlife, mostly human population is growing due to which they need more space to live, which leads to reduction of wild habitat for Tigers, also people need more food to eat, again leading to the hunting of herbivores that Tigers are relying upon. Tigers are threatened for their skin, fur, and body parts that are a big reason for the extinction of many tiger subspecies. However, Bengal Tigers are the only species that cope up with their surroundings very well.


Tiger Reserves and National Parks:

The Bengal Tigers were decreasing gradually in earlier years which was a huge concern for the ecosystem, to protect them, the government launched many projects for Tigers which helped them gain their population. Some names are as follows:-

  • Valmiki National Park: It is in the west Champaran district of Bihar, India.
  • Kanha Tiger Reserve: It is located in the state of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Jim Corbett National Park: It is located in the state of Uttarakhand, this national park is known for its Bengal Tigers.
  • Ranthambore National Park: It is located in the state of Rajasthan.
  • Bandipur National Park: It is located in the state of Karnataka.
  • Bandhavgarh National Park: It is in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh.
  • Navegaon National Park: It is located in the Arjuni Morgaon subdivision of the Gondia district in the state of Maharashtra.
  • Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve: It is located in the South Western Ghats of Tirunelveli district and Kanyakumari district of the state Tamil Nadu.
  • Melghat Tiger Reserve: It is located in the state of Maharashtra.
  • Anamalai Tiger Reserve: It is located in the state of Tamil Nadu. 
The Bengal Tiger in pond.
Tiger playing in water



The Bengal Tigers need to be kept safe for future generations, they are very important for the food chain, and the entire ecosystem. The tigers are widely known animals of all time.


-By Anjana Pujari

Content Writer( Erakina by RTMN)


Tags: Bengal, Reserve, Tigers

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