The Sindh River is the largest in Madhya Pradesh state’s Malwa area. The Parbati, Pahuj, Kwari (Kunwari), and Mahuar are the Sindh River’s principal tributaries. It is an important part of the state’s irrigation system.
Sindh River and its course
The Sindh River is a tributary of the Yamuna River that flows through Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in India. The Sindh River rises on the Malwa Plateau in Vidisha district and runs north-northeast through Madhya Pradesh’s Guna, Ashoknagar, Shivpuri, Datia, Gwalior, and Bhind districts, soon joining the Yamuna River in Uttar Pradesh’s Jalaun district, soon after the Chambal River meets the Yamuna.
The Sindh River is 470 km (290 miles) long, with 461 km (286 miles) in Madhya Pradesh and 9 km (5.6 miles) in Uttar Pradesh. The river’s total catchment area in Madhya Pradesh is 26698 kilometers square.
The Vishnu Purana mentions the Sindh River. The river is thought to be similar to the Kali Sindh River, which is referred to as Daksina Sindh in the Mahabharata. Sindh River does not have any religious significance.
In the Shivpuri district, the Manikheda Dam was built across the Sindh River, and downstream is the Mohini Sagar Pickup Dam. Manikheda, a multipurpose dam on the Sindh River, was created to benefit the bulk of the surrounding area. This river serves as a source of drinking water as well as irrigation.
The dam was built between 1978 and 2008, and it was completed in 2008. The dam is 1070 meters long and has a catchment area of 5540 square kilometers. The dam has ten gates and is 62 meters tall.
The dam benefits 13 settlements that are located around the river. The dam benefits districts such as Datia, Shivpuri, Bhind, and Gwalior.
Sindh River and its principal tributaries
The Pahuj River flows through the medieval city of Jhansi in Uttar Pradesh. The river originates in the highlands of Uttar Pradesh’s Jhansi district and Madhya Pradesh’s Tikamgarh. It is a tributary of the Sindh River that flows into the Yamuna River in Uttar Pradesh’s Etawah. The river also flows through Unnao Balaji, a town 20 km from Jhansi known for its Sun Temple and its inhabitants. It’s a small, dry river that runs through Jhansi’s Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute.
Mahuar is a tributary of the Sindh River that flows through Madhya Pradesh. Summers here can be extremely hot with lots of rock and heat. This little brook, known as Mahuar, is the only source of relief. It is not a small river, although the water level drops over the summer. During the summer, the river is still deep enough to provide a refreshing dip. The old Karera Wildlife Sanctuary is crossed by the Mahuar River, also known as the Samoha River.
The Kunwari River, also known as the “Kwari river,” passes through the Madhya Pradesh districts of Bhind and Morena. In the Etawah area, the river branches off from the Sindh River and unites with the Yamuna River. On the banks of this river are districts like Kailaras, Sheopur, Morena, and Bijeypur.
It flows through the districts of Bhind and Gwalior. Its source is Behat in the Gwalior district. The Gohad fort was advantageously located on the Vaisali River, where it makes a circular loop. The fort of Gohad is round. It is secured by a 5 km long rampart built around the fort. The river was dug up and stretched up to the fort, forming a semicircular shape. Khitoli in Bhind is another important town along the route. It runs into the Sindh River.
It originates on the northern slopes of the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh and branches off from the Sindh River in Rajasthan’s Baran district. It runs through the state’s Jhalawar district and Kota district. The catchment area of the Parbati River is roughly 3180 square miles. The rivers from these Rajasthan districts eventually converge on the right bank of the Chambal River.