Introductoin to Apples
- ‘An apples a day keeps the doctor away,’ who among you hasn’t heard this well-known adage? Almost 99.99% of people have heard this at least once in their lives. Well, this statement isn’t a lie though.
- Full of antioxidants, vitamins, dietary fiber, and a range of other nutrients this fruit can be consumed fresh or in many forms such as pie, juice, syrup, cake, etc.
- So as you can see, Apple is not only your health’s best friend but also your kitchen’s best friend.
- The king of all the fruits – It is a type of edible fruit that belongs to the pome fruit family and is produced by an apple tree (Malus domestica).
- The trees are the most cultivated species of the Genus Malus and are believed to be originated from Central Asia.
- Grown for more than thousands of years in Asia and Europe while European is believed to have brought to North America.
- This is also one of the oldest varieties known to man. According to one study, humans have been eating apples since at least 6500 B.C.
- The fruit was on the menus of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. In Norse mythology, the fruit took on a more positive guise: a magical apple was said to keep people young forever.
- There are over 7,500 apple cultivars of apples known for now. Different cultivars are bred for different tastes and applications, cooking, eating raw, and cider production being some examples.
- Even when grown on the same rootstock, cultivars differ in yield and final tree size.
- The fruit tree could be a deciduous tree that will grow to be two to four.5 m (6 to fifteen ft) tall in cultivation and up to nine m (30 ft) tall within the wild.
- The size, shape, and branch density of cultivated plants square measure determined by rootstock choice and trimming ways.
- The leaves square measure dark inexperienced, straightforward ovals with serrate margins and slightly downy undersides that square measure alternately organized.
- The trees square measure generally fully grown from seeds or by graft (attaching a bit of an existing tree to a rootstock to create a brand new tree).
- One advantage of grafted trees is that they bear fruit a lot quicker than seedlings—with grafted trees, you’ll even get a tree that bears fruit the primary year.
10 Types of Apples
Now that we’re on the next and the main topic, we will now talk about the types or varieties of apples. There are several kinds of apples depending on their color, taste, shape, size, uses, etc.
- Honey Crisp:
- This super crisp apple tastes just like its name, honey-like. The perfect combination of sweet, tart, and juiciness of this apple makes it an autumn favorite.
- Blush red skin with green undertones of this apple not only makes it more desirable but its sweet taste makes it more savory by getting used in desserts, juices, or sauces.
2. Pink Lady:
- Pink lady apple, sounds pleasant to hear? Doesn’t it? Well, this apples is also known as the Cripps apple.
- Invented by John Cripps in Australia in the year 1973, the sweet but distinctly tarty flavor made it popular in the whole of Australia and began being sold out from the year of 1979.
- The apple was soon introduced to America, where it was trademarked once more, this time under the name Pink Lady.
3. Red Delicious:
- One of the most well-known and widely grown apple varieties in the United States, Red Delicious apples are medium-sized apples with a tall conical shape and an intense red color.
- This apple has a very mild taste that doesn’t stand out that much when cooked.
4. Hidden Rose:
- Hidden Rose, the name itself comes from the apple’s rose-colored skin and flesh, which is blushed with yellow highlights.
- Now, this apple is a perfect choice if you’re planning to bake or cook something. Its tarty flavor hinted with a layer of sweetness makes it one of the must-mention apples on our list.
5. Lady Alice:
- You were wrong if you thought, there was only one lady in the family of apples.
- Lady Alice apples were discovered Lady Alice apples are crisp, juicy, and primarily sweet, with a tart aftertaste; some have compared them to Honeycrisp apples.
- Gala apples are taller, thinner, and narrower than other types of apples. They have light red color with more yellow on their skin than other red varieties and a mildly sweet and crisp flavor.
- Although the flavor is not overpowering, they make excellent cooking and baking companions.
Pazazz apples have yellow and red skin that appears to have been tie-dyed. They are frequently compared to an enhanced Honeycrisp apple in terms of flavor — mostly sweet with a hint of tartness.
- Cameo apples have yellow skin with red streaks. They are known for their thin, delicate skin and dense flesh. They have a citrus flavor that is offset by sweetness.
- They are usually available at specialty stores until early spring, and then again in the fall.
9. Golden Delicious:
Golden Delicious apples, which are unrelated to Red Delicious apples, are soft with a thin skin. These can be cooked or baked or you can eat them raw.
10. Jonagold Apple:
The Jonagold apple is a cross between the tart Jonathan apple and the sweet Golden Delicious apple. Their skin is thick, yellow, and green, with blushing red patches.
5 Benefits of eating apples
- It’s no surprise that apples are the most widely consumed fruit in the world, with over 7,000 different cultivars available. So the fact that this fruit has several health benefits, shouldn’t be a surprise either.
- That is why we have compiled several health benefits below, just for you.
- Full of nutrition:
Apples are high in fiber and vitamin C. They also contain antioxidants, such as vitamin E, and polyphenols, which contribute to the fruit’s many health benefits.
2. Supports weight loss:
- High in fiber and water makes the apple filling in nature which means its consumption can increase the feeling of fullness in your body.
- According to a study, it’s been proven that eating whole apples increased feelings of fullness in the body for up to 4 hours longer than consuming equal amounts of apples in any other forms such as juice, pies, etc.
- This occurred as a result of whole apples slowing gastric emptying — the rate at which your stomach empties its contents.
3. Fights cancerous cells:
Apples, which are high in anti-inflammatory, anti-mutagenic, anti-proliferative, and flavonoid content, have the potential to reduce the risk of pancreatic cancer.
4. Healthy oral health:
- This fruit has been known to improve oral health. Malic acid present in it is responsible for keeping your teeth white and shiny. It is widely used in the production of commercial whitening toothpaste.
- It is worth noting that chewing an apple stimulates saliva production, which reduces the risk of tooth decay.
5. Strengthens respiratory health:
- Consuming apples in any form can help your respiratory health. Because the components found in the fruit, are known to protect you from a variety of respiratory problems such as bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma.