Introduction to Endangered Species
- The United States of America is known as one of the most active and moving nations since its inception. From the protection of human rights to the political situation, the United States has consistently affirmed its position on important international issues and made its position known.
- An important factor in the advancement and advancement of the United States is the presidents who have led the nation since the advent of democracy. From George Washington in 1789 to the incumbent Joe Biden from 2021, the United States of America has had the privilege of having some of the most influential presidents during his presidency.
- Another important president was the 37th President of the United States of America, Republican Richard Nixon. Although he was notorious for being the only president in the history of the United States of America who resigned after the infamous ‘Scandal of Watergate’, he has made a significant contribution to international development.
- One of his most significant contributions to the United States of America was when he signed the law, the ‘Endangered Species Act (ESA).
- This U.S. law, since its inception, has helped the United States rehabilitate its wildlife and nature with respect and wonder. In fact, in addition to being the richest democracy in the world, the United States of America has once again become one of the few countries that have been able to restore endangered species.
- However, in August 2019, then-president of the United States of America Donald Trump issued a shocking statement on the bill. Controversies that raised the red flags of warning to the two top American nonprofit organizations – the World Bird Sanctuary and the Endangered Wolf Center.
Alt: Fetus Brown Monkey; Description: Fetus Brown Monkey – Endangered Species Fetus
- But before one can understand why the World Bird Sanctuary and the Endangered Wolf Center responded to it and what ESA conflicts they are responding to, one must understand the US law of the Endangered Species Act.
Alt: Green Chameleon; Description: Green Chameleon – Endangered Species
Endangered Species Act (ESA), 1973
- The Endangered Species Act states that as an Act of the Endangered Species Act (7 U.S.C. § 136, 16 U.S.C. § 1531 et seq.)
- The Endangered Species Act (ESA) is designed to protect species from extinction “due to economic growth and development that is not marred by concerns and proper conservation.”
- This action is designed to protect both species and the “ecosystem dependent on endangered species.”
- The ESA protects only those species that are listed as “endangered” or “endangered”. A particular type can be listed in two ways.
- Under §7 (a) (2), no agency may authorize, sponsor or engage in any activity that may threaten or damage the existence of endangered (or endangered) animals.
- According to the Supreme Court, the obvious purpose of Congress in establishing the ESA was to protect species from extinction by any means. Therefore, Federal Agencies will not consider costs in decision-making.
- Under §9 (a) (1), no one, public or private, may “take” an endangered species of fish or wildlife. “Take” is widely defined as “harassment, harm, pursuit, hunting, shooting, wounding, murder, trapping, photography or collecting.”
- Although the ESA appears to provide strong protection for endangered species, various amendments have created legal flexibility, with the result of limited protection.
A Macaw Bird Perching on a Branch
- When the Endangered Species Act was signed into law by former President Richard Nixon, it began to protect more than 1,600 species of animals and plants in the United States and its territories.
- Any species that are considered endangered – endangered species – by FWS (Fish and Wildlife Service) will automatically receive the same protection as endangered species.
- It includes a ban on the killing of endangered species and threats.
- Government officials have considered wildlife threats “shortly”, such as climate change, under this act.
- Roger Holloway, Deputy Director of the World Bird Sanctuary, said the Endangered Species Act saved animals.
- Regina Mossotti, director of Animal Care and Conservation at the Endangered Wolf Center, said more than 50 species of animals have been listed since the law was passed in 1973.
- The review presented by Trump’s administration has weakened the protection of endangered species and will allow government agencies to conduct economic scrutiny when deciding whether to protect certain species.
- These changes, which were finalized by the Fisheries and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Unit on 12 August, are among the shocking changes in the law since its inception in 1973.
- The new reforms will allow government officials to determine the economic cost of protecting a particular type.
- They are free to decide for themselves what the future holds, and they can only consider the “possible” threats of the moment.
- The U.S. government says these amendments will reduce the legal burden and increase clarity in decisions that some form authorizes for protection. However, such authorization is dangerous when used with wildlife and nature.
Effects of ESA Changes
- To date, many species that are considered endangered receive the same protection as that of endangered species.
- But changes in the ESA mean that such protection will now be determined in each case – a move that may reduce the total protection of species added to the threat list.
- The Trump administration has removed the language that explicitly prohibits the consideration of the economic impact of the listing of species.
- This fragile language could allow regulators to ignore the threats posed by climate change, such as rising sea levels, as their effects may be unpredictable for decades.
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