Introduction to Khijadia
- Khijadia aviary is at a distance of about 10 km northeast of Jamnagar on the south coast of the Gulf of Kutch which represents a mix of a seasonal freshwater lake, intertidal mudflats, salt pans, saline land and mangrove scrub.
- The full area of the Sanctuary is 605 ha, which covers three freshwater lakes of the complete wetland complex. The area of the Marine Sanctuary of Jamnagar makes the boundary of the Sanctuary towards the Gulf of Kutch.
- The Sanctuary of Khijadia is found within the western-most part of the country and falls on the standard route of the migratory birds. Consequently, the Sanctuary supports a spread of migratory birds including the waterfowl.
- This is often an especially important staging and wintering area for a good type of waterfowl. Almost 200 species of birds are recorded within the Sanctuary, including over 90 species of waterfowl.
- It’s the known parcel of land of the good Crested Grebe. It’s a novel wetland complex, representing a mosaic of several varieties of wetlands, including freshwater shallow lakes, intertidal mudflats, creeks, salt pans, saline land and mangrove scrubs.
Major Attractions at Khijadia Volary
More than 250 species of resident and migratory birds are often found over here(Khijadia)
- The location of the Khijadia sanctuary on the westernmost end of the country brings it on the normal path of migratory birds. Moreover, having a novel wetland setting attracts an outsized number of feathery creatures to nest during the winter season of the year.
- The kinds of nests can be differentiated by their location – nests on trees, nests on the bottom and nests on water (floating nests).
- More than 250 species of resident and migratory birds are often found over here; a number of the foremost remarkable birds among them
- include – Dalmatian Pelican, Black-headed Ibis, Painted Stork, jabiru, Brahminy kite, Indian Skimmer, Circus Aeruginosus, Grey Francolin, Indian Spotted Eagle, Imperial Eagle, Eurasian Pigeon,
- Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Common Greenshank, Garganey, Common Teal, Comb Duck, Indian Pond Heron, Demoiselle Crane and then on.
Nilgais, wolves, mongoose, jackals, rabbits, jungle cats and some sorts of snakes have made Khijadiya volary their home.
- There is a variety of aquatic vegetation growing above the surface of the shallow waters of the lake. The principal emergent species include Typha ungustata, and Scirpus sp. Cyperus sp. and Saccharum spontaneum.
- Floating and under-water (submerged) aquatic plants include Hydrilla verticillata, hydrophytic plant and Najas minor. Non-aquatic floral species which include Capparis decidua, Acacia nilotica and Phoenix sp. naturally occur within the area.
- Aeluropus sp. and Suaeda sp. exist within the adjoining Marine Sanctuary. Gando Baval (Prosopis chilensis), ‘Deshi Baval’ (Acacia nilotica) and ‘Piloo’/’Jar’ (Salvadora sp.) are the most tree species within the area. Avicennia marina, a mangrove species, occurs within the adjoining Marine Sanctuary.
The Sanctuary and its adjoining area are rich in birdlife; especially the waterfowl(Khijadia)
- The Sanctuary of Khijadia and its adjoining area are rich in birdlife; especially the waterfowl. Breeding of the very rare and uncommon migratory species of the State, Great Crested Grebe has been found and recorded in the wetland.
- A minimum of four pairs of this species were found breeding within the year 1984. Except for it, grebe, Purple Moorhen, Coot, stilt plover and Pheasant-tailed Jacana also are recorded breeding here.
- A range of other resident large waders sort of a painted stork, cormorants, herons, egrets and/or ibises fulfill their feeding, resting, roosting and /or nesting requirements.
- The wetland also supports various other aquatic animals(migratory and resident) like ducks, geese, coots, grebes, terns, gulls, kingfishers, jacanas and rails. Raptors, which include harriers, eagles, hawks and falcons also have their home here.
- The stork regularly visits the world. The realm is incredibly important for migratory swallows and martins, wagtails and several other perching birds. The Sanctuary supports several species of birds.
- An eco-tourist searching for wild mammals may come upon Felis chaus, fox, nylghai and mongoose, all of which take refuge in shrubland. He might also bump into freshwater turtles.
How to Reach Khijadia
- By Air: The closest airport is in Jamnagar, which is about 20 km from the edifice.
- By Train: Around 11 km from Jamnagar Old railroad station. And around 7 km from Hapa depot.
- By Road: Nearest Jamnagar bus terminal (GSRTC) is about 15 km.
Best Time to go to Khijadia
Early morning or sunset is the best time of the day to test out the wonderful avifauna at Khijadia.
Early morning or sunset is the best time of the day to test out the wonderful avifauna at Khijadiya.
Nearest Places to go to Khijadia
- Narara Marine parkland is 60 from Jamnagar on the way towards Dwarka. You can reach it by road and revel in the coral walk when the tide ends.
- Shree Dwarkadhish Temple is 148 km (approx.) removed from the edifice.