Hygiene is a regular practice for maintaining healthy habits and cleanliness, which help prevent various diseases. It is a practice that helps us avoid severe diseases and avoid spreading them. This includes cleaning your body, the area around you, or your living space. Some popular types of hygiene should be incorporated into our daily life, such as food sanitation, medical hygiene, sleep hygiene, and personal sanitation.

Some home and everyday sanitation are handwashing, kitchen sanitation, bathroom hygiene, laundry, and medical sanitation. Many hygienic habits are part of our daily cleaning routine, but since Covid-19, we have understood the importance and are more seriously following the minor details as well.

Handwash Hygiene
Handwash and hygiene

Hygiene: Overview and types

sanitation is not only cleanliness but a lot of other factors around health, medicine, and lifestyle. Cleanliness and sanitation are interrelated, but sanitation can be explained more broadly. Humans are the carriers of various infections or viruses, from public places to personal contacts. Let’s look at the types and other details of sanitation:

1.     Handwash

Handwash is one of the sanitation routines regularly recommended for better preventive measures against deadly contaminations. Washing hands with soap and water is a regime to get rid of dirt, viruses, and bacteria and control transferring the same through contact. Handwash is always recommended occasionally, especially before food, to eliminate the health hazards. 

2.     Food sanitation

Food is a source of nutrition and better health which needs measures to avoid negative impact on our body. Right food products or raw materials, preparation methods, and proper storage systems make it safe to consume. Whether it is industrial food processing or personal cooking at home, it needs safety measures and minimum guidelines to follow. Many industrial food products become toxic for low-quality or toxic substances. 

3.     Medical sanitation

Medical sanitation helps prevent and minimize infections or diseases. The government also administers good quality medical sanitation worldwide in medical facilities. At home, some basic medical sanitaion should be maintained for patients or in case of injuries. Sick people with some health problems are prone to infections compared to normal people. So they need to maintain basic sanitation and prevent health hazards related to infections or contamination.

4.     Personal hygiene

Personal sanitation involves cleaning the body and body parts, along with grooming and toilet hygiene. Our body parts like teeth, ears, nose, and body need regular cleaning. Personal hygiene also includes maintaining clean and trimmed hair or nails. Nails can carry dirt which can be hazardous if not cut and cleaned regularly. Nail biting habits are also seen in many people, which are unhygienic and must be avoided. Regular bathing with disinfectant or soap is recommended for daily cleaning and maintaining body sanitation. 

In personal sanitation services like salons etc., sanitization or sterilization should be practiced regularly. These practices help avoid transferring infections or contaminations to multiple people coming for grooming services at the salon. The same sanitation routine or precautions apply to beauty parlors as well.

Home hygiene
cluttered, unorganized room

5.     Home sanitation

At home, there are multiple areas to manage which are prone to bacteria or viruses, like the kitchen, toilet, and laundry. These all need regular maintenance and cleaning for a safe and hygienic home. Using disinfectants, throwing away garbage, and cleaning the clutter, are all parts of home sanitation. An organized kitchen also helps to maintain hygiene and avoid clutter. Cleaning the toilet prevents any kind of infections or spreading of bacteria. Floor cleaning, dusting, and mopping also help maintain the home’s cleanliness. Regularly we carry dirt and sweat on the clothes we are wearing. Dumping them for a long time is not hygienic and should be washed regularly. 

6.     Water hygiene 

Water hygiene is a crucial sector of it as there are many water-borne fatal diseases. Some couple of years back, boiling water was safe and good to use regularly. But eventually, filtration and solar disinfection are widely used for better filtration techniques and to avoid diseases. Chlorine and iodine are also used to disinfect water.

Kitchen hygiene
Cluttered, unorganized kitchen


sanitation is an integral part of our daily life. Every individual should responsibly maintain it for better health and safety. Many parts of the world still cannot get minimum facilities to maintain hygienic standards, and more efforts are required. It is good to maintain minimum it and spread awareness for the same.

Internal links:

Neem: An Ayurvedic herb- Erakina

Pests: in your house or your bed?- Erakina

Lotus- The Flower of Enlightenment-Erakina

External links:

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By Amrita Vishwas


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