This place is declared as the union territory of India with an ambiance to the tourists.
It is divided into two divisions Jammu and Kashmir division which is governed by the central government and considered as a majestic land of culture.
Jammu and Kashmir is one of the places with the breathtaking beauty of nature and considered like heaven on earth, even it has great importance during rule of British East India Company. After the 1st Anglo-Sikh War, the state was established. Hari Singh, Maharaja of Jammu & Kashmir, postponed his decision on integration with India during India’s partition and political integration.
The Maharaja, on the other hand, signed the Instrument of Accession on October 26, 1947, in exchange for military assistance during the 1947-48 Indo-Pakistan War. Jammu & Kashmir became a part of India in this manner. The Constitution was amended to include Article 370, which granted Jammu & Kashmir unique status, including a separate constitution, state flag, and internal administration autonomy. The population of Jammu and Kashmir according to the 2011 census lies between 5 – 70 lakhs people.
The climate in Jammu and Kashmir varies in three seasons:
- Summer: In Jammu, it’s from March to May with temperatures ranging from 30- 45 degrees celsius while in Kashmir, it starts from May to August with a temperature of about 14- 30 degrees celsius.
- Winter: It starts from October to February with temperature nearly in minus
- Monsoon: this covers the month from June till September with temperatures between 32 to 35 degrees celsius.
The inhabitants of Jammu have a similar way of life to the rest of India. They place a high value on their cultural heritage. They consider religion to be very important in their life, and they routinely visit the city’s numerous temples. Modern and traditional clothing can be observed in both men and women. Dogri, Gojri, Pahadi, Kashmiri, Hindi, Punjabi, and Urdu are spoken by the majority of Jammu residents. People in the Kashmir Valley live a traditional lifestyle while accepting modern influences to some level. Kashmir has always been influenced by Central Asian and Persian cultures. Pheran & Poots is the traditional dress of the people here, which is worn by both men and women. People also wear Mughal-style turbans, headwear, pashmina taranga belts, and colored scarves. Kashmiri and Urdu are the two main languages spoken.
Several small companies in Jammu create a variety of commodities such as electronic goods and carpets, which represent one of the city’s economic sources. Because Jammu is peppered with cultural, historical, and spiritual attractions, tourism plays an important role in the local economy. Bahu Fort, Raghunath Temple, Mubarak Mandi Palace, Bagh-e-Bahu Garden, and one of India’s most visited Hindu pilgrimage sites, the Mata Vaishno Devi Temple near Katra, are among the most well-known.
Agriculture and allied businesses, as well as tourism, are the main sources of income for the residents of Kashmir Valley. Sericulture and cold water fisheries are two more sectors that help people in Kashmir Valley make a living. The wood found in this location is used to make high-quality bats known as Kashmir Willow. Barley, cherry, corn, millet, orange, rice, peaches, pears, saffron, and vegetables are among the agricultural exports produced in Kashmir. Kashmiri apples are exported throughout India and the world. Tourism plays an important role in the economy of Kashmir Valley, attracting visitors from all over the world, not only for its beautiful scenery but also for its rich culture and tradition.
Jammu and Kashmir’s music has been influenced by a wide range of musical styles, including those from Central, Eastern, and Southern Asia. Chakri, Henzae, Ladishah, Rouf, Hindustani Classical, and Sufiana Kalam are some of the most well-known musical traditions in Kashmir.
Jammu’s cuisine combines a variety of ingredients including pulses, lentils, rice, and potatoes. Ambal, Kulthi ki Dal, Khatta Meat, Dal Patt, Maa da Madra, and Auraiya are just a few of the Dogri delicacies available. Pickles are another significant element of Jammu cuisine, and the locals love them. Some of the pickles offered with the main dish include Kasrod, Jimikand, Girgle, Yahoo, and Seyoo. Desserts such as chocolate barfi, patista, and sund panjeeri are popular in Jammu. The most popular destinations are Srinagar, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Sonmarg, Ladakh, Leh, Yusmarg, and have always been a drastic attraction for tourists.