The coyote is a member of the dog family and is native to California, North America. It is also called prairie wolf or brush wolf. Coyote name is derived from the Aztec word for species, coyote. Its build is slightly smaller than its close relative eastern wolf and red wolf. American Indians called it “song dog”. They communicate with a call at night which often develops into a raucous canine chorus.

  Scientific classification

  • Kingdom               Animalia 
  • Phylum                 Chordata
  • Class                     Mammalia
  • Order                    Carnivora
  • Family                   Canidae   
  • Genus                   Canis
  • Species                 C. latrans


  • Scientific name     Canis latrans


  • Common Name     Coyote
  • Type                         Mammals
  • Diet                          Omnivore
  • Group Name          Pack
  • Typical life-span    14 years
  • Size                          32-37 inches
  • Tail                           1 inch
  • Weight                     2- 50 pounds


The coyote has a greyish-brown to yellowish-brown coat on top and whitish fluff on its underparts. It has huge triangular ears on the top of its head and an extended, slim muzzle. It has black nostrils; yellow eyes; and a protracted, furry tail. A minor distinction between dog and wolf is, dogs run with their tails up, and wolves run with their tails instantly out.

Character traits additionally outline each coyote: some are tricksters or teasers, Whereas some are extra adventuresome, curious, intrepid, shy, formidable, bossy, cautious, patient, persistent, easy-going, stressful, caregiving, extra or less social or playful. Some are domineering with the aid of nature, a few are extra submissive, and so on.


Coyotes are ambitious in the area wherein they experience keen vision and a sturdy sense of scent. They ate able to run as much as forty miles an hour. When it’s time for fall and winter, they form packs for more effective hunting.

Coyotes form strong family groups. In spring, females give birth to litters of 3 to 12 pups. Both the parents, the mother and the father feed and guard their young one and their territory. The pups are capable of hunting on their own with the aid of the following fall.

Coyotes are smaller than wolves and are every so often referred to as prairie wolves or brush wolves. They communicate with a distinctive call, which at night time frequently develops into a raucous canine chorus.


  •   Habitat

The coyote seems frequently in the stories and traditions of native individuals commonly as a very savvy and clever beast. RePresent-dayyotes have shown their cleverness through adapting to the changing American landscape. These earlier lived in open prairies and deserts however now roam the continent’s forests and mountains. Now they have colonized cities like LOS ANGELES and can be seen in most of North America. 

Coyotes stroll around 5–16 kilometers per day, regularly alongside the trails inclusive of logging roads and paths; they may use iced-over rivers as journey routes in winter. They’re regularly crepuscular, being extra active around evening and the beginning of the night time than in the day. Like many canids, coyotes are able swimmers, mentioned to be able to travel at least 0 to 8 kilometers across water.

  •  Food

These adaptable animals are omnivores. They consume nearly anything. They hunt rabbits, fish, rodents, and deer. They also happily dine on insects, snakes, fruits, grass. They sometimes kill livestock, lambs, and pets, so farmers often call them destructive pests.

  • Enemies

Common predators that eat coyotes comprise bears, cougars, wolves, mountain lions and other coyotes. Dogs and eagles are also opportunistic predators against coyote pups.

In the wild, coyotes also face diseases, competition for food, parasites and social stress that lead to population control.

Thrilling Facts

  • Eastern Coyotes Are Partial Wolf. The latest DNA evaluation has proven that because the western coyote spread east, it hybridized with eastern wolves. It’s why the eastern coyote is Steadily referred to as the coywolf.
  • They Mate for life. This stays true irrespective of the wide range of different potential mates within the vicinity. If the male dies, the female coyote will in all likelihood depart the area at once or soon after any pups are independent.
  • Coyotes are surely fast. Coyotes typically amble about at a regular dog’s walking pace. Although, they can attain speeds of 35 to 43 mph whilst pursuing prey or fleeing threat. This makes them approximately twice as speedy as a roadrunner and a comparable speed to a racing greyhound. 
  • They Make 11 distinct Noises. Coyotes are by far the most vocal wild mammals in The United States. It also has eleven extraordinary vocalizations: growl, huff, woof, bark, bark-howl, lone howl, group yip-howl, whine, group howl, greeting songs, yelps.

By- Rudrakshi

Content Writer (Erakina By RTMN)

10/ 12/ 2021

Tags: animals, coyotes

One Comment

  1. sanuj

    Very informative

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