The Son River is a perennial river that flows through central India. It begins near Amarkantak Hill in Madhya Pradesh’s Annupur district and ends near Patna, Bihar, where it mixes with the Ganges River. After the Yamuna River, the Sone River is the Ganges’ second-largest southern tributary. The Koilwar Bridge is India’s oldest river bridge, spanning the Sone River between Arrah and Patna. The Sone River is known throughout the country for its sand.

Son River
Son River, Umaria district, Madhya Pradesh, India

Son River and its course 

The Son River, often written Sone, is a major tributary of the Ganges (Ganga) River that originates in Madhya Pradesh, India. After passing through Manpur, it travels north before turning northeast. After a 487-mile (784-km) journey through the Kaimur Range, the river meets the Ganges above Patna. The Son valley is sort of a geological continuation of the Narmada River valley to the southwest. It is mostly forested and has a limited population. The Kaimur Range to the north and therefore the Chota Nagpur plateau to the south from the valley’s boundaries. The Son canal system’s headworks are located in Dehri, Bihar.

The river flows north-northwest through the Shahdol district of Madhya Pradesh before turning east and meeting the southwest-northeast Kaimur Range. It originates in Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh.The river then runs east-northeast through the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Bihar. Finally, near Patna, Bihar, India, the Son River enters the Ganges River.

The Son river was once known for altering its course. According to a few research publications, the Son River has changed course more than five times in the past. This trend has been curtailed in recent years.

The Sone River flows through five central Indian states (Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Bihar). It is one of India’s largest rivers and the Ganges’ second-largest tributary.

Many cities, like Sidhi, Dehri, Patna, Daudnagar, and Chopan, are located on the banks of the Son River. Kabra khurd is one of the most attractive picnic sites along the Sone river’s bank.

Son River tributaries

The Son River’s two main tributaries are the Rihand and the North Koel. The Gopad River and the Kanhar River are the other tributaries.

A few facts concerning the Son River’s course:

  • The Son River has a total length of 784 kilometres.
  • The Sone River has a steep gradient of 35–55 cm/km.
  • Although the Sone river channel is somewhat big, the floodplain is quite narrow (3 to 5 km).
  • The Sone River’s lower valley is a continuation of the Narmada Valley.

Son River Dams and Bridges

The British government erected the first dam on the Son River, Old Anicut Dam, in 1876 A.D., as an example of contemporary technology. The dam has been abandoned, and it now serves as a wonderful site to come and enjoy beautiful sunsets. The Indrapuri Barrage, which was built in 1968, is one of India’s longest dams. It’s around 9 kilometres from Dehri. The Ban Sagar Dam on the Son River in Madhya Pradesh is a multipurpose river valley project.

Son River
View of Bansagar Dam from down stream situated in Ganges basin, MadhyaPradesh, India

In 1862, the 1440-meter Abdul Bari Bridge, near Arrah, was constructed. In 1986, the contemporary Son Bridge in Deolond, Madhya Pradesh’s Shahdol district, was inaugurated.

Son River
Abdul Bari Bridge

Son River’s Nearby Attractions

Amarkantak is a one-of-a-kind natural treasure with an abundance of species. Apart from that, it is the source of three significant rivers. The Kabra Khurd is a lovely area on the Son River’s banks, particularly for picnicking. The Rohtasgarh Fort, Aina Mahal, Jami Masjid, Habsh Khan’s Tomb, Ganesh Temple, The Hanging House, Rohtasan Temple, Devi Temple, Diwan-e-khas, and Diwan-e-aam are some of the other attractions here. Many waterfalls may be found in this area, including one that flows east from the summit of Kaimur Hill and enters the Son River.

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