The Sabarmati River may be a monsoon-fed river that flows north-south through Ahmedabad, bisecting the town into its western and eastern halves. It’s been an integral aspect of Ahmedabad city since its foundation. The river is one of the city’s primary sources of water. Now the water is supplied from many distant sources and the load is distributed among other water bodies. Nonetheless, the river continues to be important.
It’s provided space for cultural and recreational activities along the banks. Mahatma Gandhi founded his ashram along the banks of the river and through the liberty movement, the Salt March began here. The wide, oft-dry riverbed and riverbanks were used more extensively to launder clothes and dye textiles. It also became a venue for other informal economic activities like the ‘Ravivari’- Sunday mart.
Gradually, many of the city’s migrant and poor population began to measure in informal settlements on the river banks.
Sabarmati River Course:
After making through its course of 51 km, it meets the Wakal river on its Left Bank which lies near the village Ghanpankari. After flowing in the South-West for about 67 km, it meets Sei on one of its banks near Mhauri following it with its meeting of Harnav in the neighbourhood at about 103 km.
Sabarmati emerges from the Dharoi gorge. After emerging from the gorge it passes through the plains and is joined in its neighbourhood at about 170 km from its source by the Hathmati, which is its major tributary.
Flowing continuously in the South-West direction, the river passes through Ahmedabad and about making through a course of 65 km downstream, another major tributary, Watrak joins it, letting it flow through an additional distance of 68 km. After that the river outfalls within the Gulf of Khambhat within the sea.
This is the proper bank tributary of the Sabarmati River. It rises within the Aravalli hills in Rajasthan and flows in a South-West direction for a complete distance of 95 km before it joins on its neck of the woods. It drains a region of 946 sq km.
This is a neighbourhood tributary of the Sabarmati River. It rises within the Aravalli hills in Rajasthan and flows in the South-West direction for a complete length of 88 km. It joins Sabarmati in its locality. It drains a neighbourhood of 1625 sq km. The Menas is its main tributary.
This is a neck of the woods tributary of the Sabarmati River. It rises within the Northern portion of the Kulalia hills of the Rajasthan ranges and flows in an exceedingly South-West direction for a complete distance of 75 km. Harnav joins the neighbourhood of Sabarmati. It drains a section of 972 sq km,
This is a neighbourhood tributary of Sabarmati River this can be a neck of the woods tributary of Sabarmati River It rises within the SouthWest foothills of the Rajasthan place Gujarat State and flows within the South-West direction for a distance of 122 km to fulfil the Sabarmaty on its neighbourhood. This tributary drains a vicinity o 1526 sq km.
The sub tributary of the Hathmati river is the Guhai river, on which the Guhai dam is built.
This is a neck of the woods tributary of the Sabarmati River. It rises in Panchara hills within the Dungarpur district of Rajasthan and flows in the Southwest direction for a distance of 248 km and joins Sabarmaty in the neighbourhood. Meshwo, Mazam & Shedhi are sub-tributaries of the Watrak river. Watrak and its tributaries drain a section of 8638 sq km.
A line diagram of the river system giving information about Sabarmaty Basin & its tributaries and sub tributaries etc. indicating the placement of major structures is enclosed.
Spiritual & Cultural Significance
According to the scriptures, Sabarmaty is additionally referred to as Kashyapi Ganga and is related to the Saptarishi Kashyapa. Sage Kashyapa asked Shiva to release the holy Ganga from his headlocks. Shiva agreed, and as a result river, Sabarmaty was born.
Sage Dadichi’s ashram is alleged to possess stood at Dudheshwar along the Sabarmaty’s banks. In mythology, it was Dadichi’s bones that were accustomed to making Indra’s Vajra, which was accustomed kill Vrittasur by using his bones. Sage Dadichi’s ashram and therefore the town of Dudheshwar thus signifies sacrifice.
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