Scientific Information

Kingdom: Plantae

Clade: Tracheophytes

Clade: Angiosperms

Clade: Eudicots

Clade: Asterids

Order: Apiales

Family: Apiaceae

Genus: Cuminum

Species: C. cyminum


Cumin could be a spice made of the dried seed of a plant called herbaceous plant, which may be a member of the parsley family. Cumin is one of the foremost popular spices and is usually employed in occupier, geographic region, North African, and Indian cuisines, among many others. It’s available both as whole seeds additionally as in ground form.


What Is Cumin?

                                                                                                   various spices

Spoonfuls of various spices

Cumin seeds are harvested by hand annually. They’re small, boat-shaped, and resemble caraway seeds. The foremost common sort of cumin may be a brownish-yellow color, although you’ll also sometimes find black cumin, green cumin, and white cumin. You may find whole seeds in Indian recipes (also called jeera) and ground cumin as an ingredient in Mexican and geographic region dishes, moreover as chili, sauce, baked beans, soups, and marinades. Cumin may be a typical ingredient in chili powder and is additionally often found in other spice blends like garam masala, seasoning, achiote blends, adobos, and berbere.


Cumin is an ancient spice grown in Egypt and also in the geographical region. It’s been found in 4000-year-old excavations in Syria and in ancient Egypt, where it was used both as a spice and as part of preserving mummies. It appears within the Bible in both the Old Testament and therefore the New Testament.

Since precedent days, cumin has been used extensively in India additionally as by the Greeks and Romans. It made its way into Mexican and South American cuisine after the Spanish and Portuguese colonization.

Whole vs. Ground

Cumin is out there as both whole seeds and ground powder and both are utilized in recipes. Whole cumin, for instance, is featured in Indian dishes, where the entire seeds are added to the recent oil at the beginning of the dish therefore the flavor infuses the oil and thus the remainder of the ingredients. More flavor is brought out when the seed is lightly roasted, which is completed easily by employing a dry pan over medium heat.

Ground cumin is created by grinding dry-roasted cumin seeds. It will be added at any time to a recipe as its flavor doesn’t need heat or time to be released, as is the case with the seeds.

A more intense and nuanced flavor is often enjoyed by lightly roasting whole cumin seeds so grinding the seeds in a very spice grinder or with a mortar and pestle. You would possibly want to require that into consideration when using measurements for a recipe and are grinding cumin from freshly roasted seed. Once ground, cumin will gradually lose its flavor over time and will get replaced regularly.

What Does It Taste Like?

                                                                                                 white cumin seeds

White cumin is healthier

Cumin features a warm, earthy flavor and aroma with a small amount of both sweetness and bitterness. The full seeds must be toasted to achieve the optimum flavor.

Cooking With Cumin

  • Depending on whether the recipe entails edible seed or ground cumin, you may use it differently in recipes. Whole cumin seeds should be included early in the recipe so that the spice has time to release its essence; adding them to a hot broth or oil allows the aroma and flavors to spread throughout the dish. Ground cumin may be a quintessential spice in a very few different blends, including flavoring. It’s also used as a part of    a ver                                                                 .cooked flat bread

    Cooked flatbread with cumin seeds on top to add flavor

    If switching from whole seeds to the bottom (or vice versa), you may have to add different amounts. Because the flavor of ground cumin is more concentrated than whole cumin seeds, you may need less in a very dish. For a recipe that requires 1 tablespoon of ground cumin, use 1/4 tablespoons of cumin seeds.

    Where to shop for

    Whole cumin seeds will be found packaged within the spice section of most grocery stores. It’s often cheaper to shop for edible seeds at a global market catering to residents, Indian, North African, or geographical area cuisine. Ground cumin is instantly available at most grocery stores within the spice aisle.


    The seeds may be kept within the freezer over a protracted period to take care of their flavor if you are not using them regularly; otherwise, the seeds will be stored within the pantry for up to three to 4 years. Ground cumin should be stored in a very cool, dark place and can last up to six months.

    Arpit Mangal


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