The problem that you are going to read now is profoundly a greater cause of concern than what it is felt and described by others. One of the most important resources available to humans is the water sources but the pollution in them destroys the volatility and availability of water resources in them. So what is water pollution and what causes water pollution, effects, etc. 

In this blog you are going to read about:

Water Pollution by industries; Water Pollution, Acid Rain

Industrial waste cause water pollution

What is meant by Water Pollution?

Water Pollution is meant by the presence of contaminated substances in the water bodies including rivers, oceans, lakes, etc. due to a result of many reasons such as human activities, industrial production, deforestation, etc…

Causes of Water Pollution:

There are a variety of causes of water pollution. It includes washing clothes in the river to rapid urban development. There is diversification like causes such as human causes and natural causes. Human causes are the main cause of water pollution. 

water pollution

Industrial waste mixing in water

Here are a few of the causes of water pollution:

This is one of the main contributors to water pollution. Industrial wastes are those waste or toxic substances let out by the units after the manufacturing process or during the manufacturing processes. These hazardous substances are directly released into water bodies like rivers by the industries and these substances kill the living organisms in the water body and also contaminate the quality of water available.

Certain human actions like washing clothes and bathing in rivers can also lead to water pollution due to the mixing of soap and other particles with water. Washing domestic animals like cows in the water bodies also results in the same consequence

It is the dumping or disposal of various hazardous substances and wastes into the water bodies as water bodies are negatively seen as waste disposals by few people. Several man-made products such as plastic, vessels, and parts of aircraft are dumped in the ocean. These substances affect the living organisms in the ocean and also have other negative effects.

Fertilizers and pesticides used in agriculture contaminants the surface as well as groundwater and are a concern for the water bodies. Increased use of these chemicals in agriculture also causes water pollution

Due to the presence of harmful sulphur particles in acid rain, it disrupts the aquatic ecosystem when it falls into the water bodies. The chemical composition of the water can be drastically altered and harmful to the ecosystem. 


Acid Rain

Acid rain causing water pollution

Effects of Water pollution


Due to water pollution, the biological diversity of the ecosystem gets disrupted and the food chain is altered and contaminated causing problems to organisms at various levels.

There will be no proper availability of water and the number of diseases caused due to poor water quality increases. Health problems of people including respiratory diseases will be increased. The most common problem seen is the rise of the infant mortality rate.

This is one of the most important effects of water pollution as the temperature of water increases due to various causes mentioned above. Increasing the temperature of water leads to global warming and ozone layer depletion.

How to Prevent water pollution?

Industries should not dispose of the waste directly into the water bodies. A proper waste disposal system should be followed to reduce contamination.

The use of fertilizers, pesticides, and various other chemicals used in agriculture should be reduced.


 Water should be conserved in order to stop groundwater and other sources from depleting. Various conservation techniques should be effectively followed.

Human activities such as bathing and washing clothes in rivers should be stopped. Proper awareness among people should be in place in order to save water resources from contamination.


Be a Responsible citizen:

The first step every citizen should do is to be responsible. You should not pollute water and raise awareness among society. The majority of effects of water pollution will be felt by the next generation as the resources are getting depleted day by day.  With simple and proper steps, a major Crashdown can be avoided.

Tags: earth, water


  1. Sindhu

    Water is so precious like that the content is also.

  2. balaji veeramalli

    I leave in a gated community where around 300 families leave just imagine how much water is wasted every day rather than using flush if you use bucket you can save lots of water there are places where people don’t have water to drink so water is so precious please don’t pollute it

  3. deepak

    water is the 2nd most underrated and wasted resource after jobless engineer’s of India😶

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