About Humayun’s Tombs
Built-in 1570, this Humayun tombs (Maqbara-i Humayun) is the tombs of the Mughal Emperor Humayun and is situated in Delhi, India. It is culturally significant because it was the first garden-tomb’s on the Indian subcontinent. Sparking several major architectural innovations, Humayun’s tomb ultimately resulted in the construction of the Taj Mahal.
Humayun’s tombs was the first garden-tomb’s on the Indian subcontinent, commissioned by Humayun’s chief consort, Empress Bega Begum (also known as Haji Begum), and designed by Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and his son, Sayyid Muhammad, in the year of 1558. Declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year of 1993, it was also the first architecture on such a large scale to use red sandstone.
- The tomb’s architecture is heavily influenced by Persian architecture. The building’s architect, Mirak Mirza Ghiyas, was of Persian origin. Ghiyas built the tombs in the center of a quadrilateral Persian-style charbagh garden (translated from Farsi – four gardens).
- The garden, which is divided into four main sections by walkways or flowing water, is designed to look like the paradise garden described in the Quran. These four main parts, in turn, are divided into 36 parts by channels.
- The garden was initially filled with the tombs of Humayun’s descendants and his entourage from the 17th to the 19th centuries. Several Mughal emperors are even believed to be entombed within Humayun’s mausoleum. Humayun’s mausoleum has earned the title of Mughal dynasty necropolis. The mausoleum is built on a massive platform that can reach heights of up to 7 meters.
- The structure is made of red sandstone, and the tomb is made of yellow and black marble. The two-story mausoleum is topped by a white Persian-style marble dome that appears weightless and imponderable. Humayun’s Tomb has a height of 47 meters and a width of 91 meters.
- The mausoleum’s architecture incorporates elements from both Persian and Indian architectural traditions. The Persian influence can also be observed in the arched alcoves, corridors, and the high double dome, while Indian traditions inspired the kiosks, which give it a pyramidal outline from a distance.
The Persian-style garden, which translates as four gardens, is essentially a square or rectangular layout that is strictly geometrical, divided into four walkways, and divided twice by a water body. The Charbagh is surrounded on three sides by sandstone walls, and on the fourth side by the Yamuna, which has since changed its course away from the structure.
- Chillah Nizamuddin Auliya:
This structure, located at
the northeast end of the main mausoleum is considered the residence of Delhi’s patron saint, Nizamuddin Auliya.
- Nila Gumbad:
The Nila Gumbad, named after its bright blue-glazed tiles, is located just outside the complex’s perimeter. This was built for Mughal Emperor Akbar’s favorite servant, Miyan Fahim, by the son of a courier in his court. The tomb’s architecture is noteworthy, with an octagonal exterior and an intriguing square interior with painted plaster walls.
- Barber’s Tomb:
Nai ka Gumbad, or Barber’s Tombs, is located at the southeast end of the Charbagh. This tombs, which dates from 1590 to 91 CE, belonged to the royal barber in Humayun’s court. The presence of the barber’s tomb so close to the main mausoleum attests to the fact that he found favor with the Mughal Emperor. Furthermore, the only other structure within the main tombs complex is Nai ka Gumbad.
What is time and fee to enter at Humayun’s Tombs?
The hours of operation for Humayun’s Tombs are from 6 a.m. to 6 p.m. The entrance fee to Humayun’s tombs is Rs.30 for Indian cities and tourists from SAARC (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Maldives, and Afghanistan) and BIMSTEC countries (Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Myanmar). For tourists from other countries, the ticket price is Rs. 500 per person.
How to reach
- By Air:
The Indira Gandhi International Airport serves both domestic and international flights from Delhi. It is approximately 25 kilometers from Humayun’s Tombs. A cab from the airport will take you there in about 50 minutes.
- By Rail:
The nearest railway station to the Humayun’s Tombs is Nizamuddin Railway Station, which is about 2.2 kilometers away. From the station, there are plenty of auto-rickshaws that will take you to the monument. Depending on where you are coming from, numerous trains stop in Hazrat Nizamuddin.
- By Metro:
JLN Stadium on the Purple Line is the nearest metro station to Humayun’s Tombs, located only 2 kilometers away. On a clear day, you can either hail an auto-rickshaw or you can walk it. The nearest metro station is Jorbagh on the Yellow Line, which is about 5 kilometers from Humayun’s Tombs. You can get there in 15 minutes if you hail a radio taxi or an auto-rickshaw.